2017年10月30日星期一

Refractory materials for coke ovens

Refractory materials
Refractory materials
Coke oven is the technical equipment of coking plant, is a complex and continuous production of thermal equipment, mainly by the combustion chamber, carbonization room, regenerative, roof, chute, small flue and other components. Its purpose is in the isolated air conditions, the coal heated to 950 ~ 1100 ℃, after dry distillation to obtain coke and other by-products.
At present, the life of a coke oven is generally 25 to 30 years, the use of refractories mainly silica brick, clay brick, high alumina refractory bricks. The environmental conditions of the various parts of the coke oven and the requirements for refractory materials are as follows:
Carbonization chamber and partition wall of combustion chamber
The partition wall acts to heat the heat and isolate the furnace gas and support the load. Coke coking temperature is generally 950 ~ 1050 ℃, in order to ensure coking, coke oven wall carbonization chamber side of the surface temperature should be heated to 1100 ~ 1450 ℃; carbonization chamber side of the wall to be thrusting wear; due to coal dry distillation, coking The process in the isolated air conditions, the requirements of the wall air tightness, high temperature airtight, does not occur shrinkage deformation, product shape regular, accurate size to ensure that the small cracks and not cause cracks in the cracks; carbonization chamber in the coking process There is water discharge, the combustion of indoor combustion products contain a small amount of water, and because of coal salt chemical erosion and gas decomposition and carbon deposition, may damage the walls of the organization and performance, strength decreased.
Based on the above characteristics, carbonization chamber and combustion chamber with refractory materials, the world's coke oven almost all use silicon brick. Silica brick compared with other refractories, in the range of 700 ~ 1450 ℃ within the product changes and thermal conductivity of the small changes in its high temperature strength is high, the load softening temperature and its similarity (1620 ~ 1660 ℃), wear resistance, It is not easy to hydrate. With the large-scale coke oven and strengthen the production needs, can also be used thermal conductivity, volume stability, high temperature strength are high silicon carbide refractories. But the price is expensive, in the oxidative atmosphere easily oxidized damage, so the curtain wall is rarely used. And the incorporation of metal oxide high-density high thermal conductivity of silicon brick, wall thickness can be reduced, the intensity of heat transfer, improve the productivity of coke oven, but also improve the furnace life.

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Refractory materials for iron and steel smelting

Refractory materials
Refractory materials
Blast furnace refractories:
The development of blast furnace ceramic cups is becoming more and more common, but the need for high corrosion resistance refractory applications to ensure the extension of its service life. In addition to changes in design, refractory material also has a great change, such as micro-porous carbon refractory brick instead of the past, ordinary carbon block to reduce the penetration of molten iron. Used clay refractory bricks as raw materials can better meet the requirements of the use of iron mouth guns. The use of grouting method to repair the blast furnace backing can effectively prevent the erosion of the hot air flow, thereby extending the life of blast furnace lining.
Refractory for converter:
In the aspect of converter steelmaking, a water cooling technology and suspension system are respectively applied in the upper cone and lower barrel parts of the converter shell, thereby reducing the deformation of the converter furnace, prolonging the life of the converter lining and improving the converter productivity. The application of these new technologies has had a certain impact on the use of refractories. So that the converter furnace age increased to an average of 4000 furnace or more, combined with the spray, high lime and dolomite applications and slag splashing furnace technology applications, furnace age more than 10,000 times is not a problem. It is worth the attention of refractory producers to the direction of development.
Continuous submerged nozzle:
Due to the development of the continuous casting system, the tundish has changed from the past transit station to the present metallurgical container which affects the quality of cast steel and improves the productivity of cast steel. Therefore, many functional materials are gradually used in tundish, such as slag weir, impact plate, filter, blowing argon breathable plug and so on.
Immersion nozzle as an important function of continuous casting refractory material, the research carried out mainly in two aspects, one is to improve the slag line parts of the anti-erosion, the second is to reduce the wall of Al2O3 adhesion. The measures to increase the ZrO2 content to 88% and to optimize the particle size distribution can reduce the thermal expansion and porosity of the product and improve the density to improve the slag resistance.
In addition, we should pay close attention to the technological progress of the user industry, such as the recent years of the emergence of direct reduction of iron, and DC arc furnace steel and other new technology on the new requirements of refractories.

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2017年10月23日星期一

Furnace with the overall refractory

Furnace with the overall refractory
Furnace with the overall refractory
Rolling furnace is the main business of iron and steel enterprises thermal equipment, its performance directly affect the performance of the enterprise's production and economic benefits, for the majority of thermal workers to improve the performance of the furnace and operating conditions, reduce energy consumption, improve Furnace life, extended overhaul cycle, gallbladder, and achieved encouraging results. In recent years with the mechanical and electrical, refractory materials and other new technologies and materials continue to develop, there have been different design of the regenerative heating furnace, the technical indicators compared with the traditional heating furnace has greatly improved. In the case of
At present, I am in the provision of complete sets of furnace refractories, has accumulated a wealth of practical experience, according to the user's actual use requirements, to provide a reasonable combination of refractory products, the furnace for comprehensive furnace, supporting the use of lower Cost, improve life.
To provide high quality and efficient products, and constantly develop new products, good after-sales technical services, and users work closely with the new product applications to solve the technical problems, so that the new refractory products have been successfully applied, and create economic benefits for users, we Consistent work policy; also my company's purpose.
Some of the products are listed below:
Gravity castable
In addition to the characteristics of high-performance refractory castable, its outstanding advantages are excellent construction performance, construction without vibration, can automatically flow, degassing and dense, the construction of time-saving, effort , High efficiency, to ensure the integrity of the construction body, uniformity and air tightness, in particular, to adapt to the complex structure, high quality requirements of the site, once available by the user's wide welcome. Series of self-flow castables of the technical indicators:
Chrome corundum platform refractory brick, slide brick, brick tiles
The furnace trough and tapping platform mechanical wear serious, the temperature fluctuations, high temperature, slag erosion serious, the use of the conditions are extremely harsh, often because of the material wear and tear was forced to stop production maintenance. Where the use of steel fiber reinforced castables, fused mullite tiles, water-cooled cast iron, etc., although achieved good results, but with the increase in production capacity and maintenance cycle to extend the material on the higher The request.
Platform brick, slide brick, refractory brick tiles with high strength, excellent wear resistance and anti-slag erosion strong, long life (up to 1 to 2 years) and so on.

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Refractory materials for industrial furnaces

Refractory materials for industrial furnaces
Refractory materials for industrial furnaces
Refractory materials for industrial furnaces:
High-strength lightweight clay high alumina brick, high-aluminum foam brick, poly light brick, light mullite insulation brick, heavy carburizing refractory brick, diatomaceous earth insulation brick, pearlite refractory bricks. All kinds of pit furnace, box furnace, carburizing furnace, trolley furnace, vibration furnace, steel chain plate furnace, mesh belt furnace, crucible furnace, push burning furnace, vacuum furnace, salt bath furnace with light, Heavy standard fire bricks, shaped bricks. Electric corundum furnace tube, silicon carbide furnace tube, high alumina furnace tube.
Electric radiant tube with corundum, high aluminum insulator, plug cover clip.
Electric furnace furnace with corundum silicon carbide brick, radiant furnace floor. Textile machinery singeing machine with a variety of specifications of silicon carbide fire bricks, honeycomb panels, masonry with a variety of high temperature adhesives.
Fire mud, anti-carburized mud, aluminum silicate fiber cotton, aluminum silicate fiber felt, aluminum silicate fiber board.

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2017年10月17日星期二

Characteristic Refractory Material Mud Mixing Method

Characteristics of refractory material mud mixture method is to produce special refractory products, in particular the use of gypsum injection molding, casting and injection molding molding of the mud slurry f operation method is the ingredients of various refractory raw materials, enhancers, Suspending agent, admixture and 30 ~ 40% of the clean water, while adding a wear-resistant lining in the ball mill (mixing mill), after a certain period of mixing fine grinding, made for the production of mud slurry. In the process of making mud, according to the characteristics of materials and mud pouring their own requirements, to control the density and pH of the mud.
Mud mixing method used by the main equipment are ball mill, air compressor, wet iron, mud pump, vacuum degasser and so on.
Paraffin and resin-based binder, at room temperature for the solid refractory materials (or into a sticky), at room temperature, especially law mixture, must be used to increase the method of heating.
The use of hot casting process, the use of paraffin as a binder. Due to the melting point of paraffin in the 60-80 <€, in the first paraffin heated to 100T or more and have good mobility, and then the fine powder raw materials added to the liquid paraffin, the mixing after mixing, made of slurry Wax cake for hot die casting.
The main mixing equipment for heating the mixture is a heated mixing mixer.

Ladle with refractory materials are used

refractory materials Common types of ladle refractories: (1) Clay refractory brick , clay brick A12O3 content is generally between 30% ...